Rules of Procedure and Resolution Writing
How to Write a PoSITION PAPER
Good preparation is a key to any delegations’ success at the Conference. In order to perform well, you should understand the way the country you represent works and behaves in the international area. With this knowledge you can faithfully defend your country’s position on the topics we will be discussing in the committees. In order to be able to propose realistic actions, you will need to understand the basic elements of the UN and its members (your country).
You should start by getting to know the country you will be representing in order to understand its positions towards the topics. It is always good to know the following basic facts of your country:
-history (wars, peace treaties, changes in size, makeup for example: 1991 USSR broke up, etc)
-political structure (kind of government, is it monarchy, governed by military, who is the leader, is he democratic, supported by whom, a dictator, how long is (s)he in power, political alliances, allies, partners, enemies etc)
-economic system (rich/poor country, does it have large debts, black market, major export, import goods, partners, membership in international economic organizations, like EU, WTO, IMF, etc)
-social structure (any social problems, e.g. homelessness, ethnic conflicts, how many people live in poverty, classes in society, major religions, how do the religions influence the politics, culture)
-perspective on the world problems and global issues (membership in geo-political groups, view on the selected topics for the conference, see below)
A good place to look for all of the above is the CIA World Factbook, or BBC country profiles. As to the basic functioning of the UN, it would be the best to start with the UN website itself (www.un.org). There you will find all the bodies and organs of the UN, their roles, scheduled meetings, resolutions that have been recently passed, and current topics that are being discussed in various councils and in the General Assembly. By looking at these information, you will get a better picture of the functioning and role of the UN in the world. That way, you'll get a better image of your role at the Conference.
Now that you have a better grasp of the country you will represent and its role in the international system, you should start preparing the substantive matter for the conference as well.
The Chairpersons prepare Study Guides for each Committee so as to provide you with some basic information on our topics and to give you pointers for future research. Please read and discuss the guides among yourselves to get the most out of them, but remember that the guides are here to get you started and that you should also do research on your own. The suggestions for further research included at the end of Study Guides will help you with that. Remember that the Internet is full of sources, but also bear in mind that not all can be equally valuable and useful, therefore be selective but open while doing research.
You will have two opportunities to present your country’s policy to us before you will plunge into the debates and negotiations at the conference:
In a position statement, please briefly describe the situation in your country (if relevant) and then let us know how your country would like to resolve the issues.
Policy statements are an essential part of a delegate’s research. They should address each topic on the agenda and present the country's national view on each. This statement should be in the form of a short speech, about a minute long, with the objective of alerting other delegates of the possibilities of working together with you on achieving similar goals. A good policy statement will give a concise but comprehensive view of your country's background on the topics, its current positions, and what it hopes to achieve in relation to the topics. A typical policy statement will consist of three paragraphs: one about the background of the topic in general, one about what your country has had to do with the topic in the past, and one about possible solutions to the problem.
It is very important that the policy statement you've written truly reflects your country's position. To make sure that you present the right thing, we encourage you to contact ambassadors of your country. They usually reply to such an e-mails, what's more they are often very eager to help you.
Sample Policy Statement
This is just a short example of policy statement, just to give you an idea of what you should be writing.